ETHICS AND COPYRIGHT ON THE WEB Saturday, Mar 30 2013 

Copyright on the web is simple:

If you did not write, create or purchase the article, graphic, or data (including HTML and other computer code) that you found, you need permission from the owner before you can copy it. Copyright infringement is stealing, and the owner can take legal action against you.  Copyright infringement used to be civil offense, and has now been changed to a criminal offense.

The definition of copyright is the right of the owner to reproduce or permit someone else to reproduce copyrighted works¹.

Since April 1, 1989, almost everything originally created is copyrighted.  The length of time material remains copyrighted has also been lengthened so that we must assume that anything on the web is copyrighted by somebody.

Exceptions have been created by congress to allow commentary, parody, news reporting, research and education uses without permission of the owner.  This is called “fair use” exception.  Fair use is important so as to allow people to be creative without damaging the commercial value of somebody’s work.

Facts cannot be copyrighted, but how that fact is expressed can be.  As Intel discovered, numbers also cannot be copyrighted, which is why they stopped naming their processors 386, 486 etc and began giving them names like Pentium.

Works in the public domain are those whose intellectual property rights have expired, been forfeited or are inapplicable.²   The works of Shakespeare who died in 1616 are in the public domain.    The works of Mark Twain, who died in 1910 are still copyright by his heirs so are not in the public domain.  People who legally reproduce these works can copyright their reproductions.  Deciding if a given work is in or out of copyright is a complicated task.

My conclusion is:  If a serious question comes up, get legal counsel.  Paying a retainer fee is less expensive than being sued for damages or spending time in jail.

These are two examples of putting works into the public domain that I found on the web after final paper was submitted.

I, the copyright holder of this work, release this work into the public domain. This applies worldwide.
In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
I grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.
The graphic is a representation of an award or decoration of the U.S. Military. It is in the public domain because it contains materials that originally came from a United States Military Award. As a work of the U.S. Federal Government, the image is in the public domain.

¹  Jennifer Kyrnin, About.com Guide http://webdesign.about.com/od/copyright/a/aa081700a.htm

² /https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain

Copyright © Martin Scott March 2013 all rights reserved.  So There!

Why Mapping Your DNA Could Save Your Life Wednesday, Mar 27 2013 

Why Mapping Your DNA Could Save Your Life

With our longer life spans, some diseases and health problems that were not a problem before are major issues now.  Just in daily living, people got many times the exercise most of us do now.  A lot of energy was expended getting the horse from the corral, hooking him to the buggy and controlling the buggy (no power steering on horses) to travel somewhere.  Now we walk to the car and turn the key!  Most people didn’t live long enough to get Alzheimers’ or even cancer.  With people now living well into their 90s, we have a relatively new set of health problems.

You may think you know yourself like the back of your hand, but unless you’ve been DNA tested, there’s probably a lot you don’t know about yourself. Within each of the 50 trillion cells in your body rests the microscopic DNA that programs your entire being — your hair color, your height, your freckles (or lack thereof), your likelihood of developing cancer and whether or not you can taste cilantro.

And yet, few people in their lifetime have actually unlocked this information via DNA mapping. For starters, it used to be quite expensive. And some people might not even realize they have access to this information, while others simply might want to know what their DNA has in store for them as life unfolds.

http://mashable.com/2013/03/26/23andme/

3 Tips to Attract and Retain Mobile Consumers Wednesday, Mar 20 2013 

http://mashable.com/2013/03/19/mobile-consumers-infographic/

 

Every day mobile devices improve the way we shop online. As the market grows — 45% of American adults own smartphones — it becomes even more important for businesses to adapt to mobile payments.

SEE ALSO: Forrester: U.S. Online Retail Sales to Hit $370 Billion by 2017

Today’s businesses need strategies that not only attract mobile consumers, but also retain them, which can be infinitely more profitable. In fact, gaining a new customer is six times more costly than retaining one, a figure which should highlight the importance of loyalty programs. But that isn’t your first priority if your business is part of the surprising 55% of American small businesses that don’t accept credit card payments. That’s major revenue loss!

CSS-Tricks Monday, Mar 18 2013 

CSS-Tricks

A web site with many helpful articles and links thereto.

The Sensitive Robot: How Haptic Technology is Closing the Mechanical Gap Friday, Mar 15 2013 

haptics Web definitions(haptic) of or relating to or proceeding from the sense of touch; “haptic data”; “a tactile reflex”.

One differentiator that’s always separated humans from robots is our ability to touch and feel, but advances in haptic technology are rapidly closing the mechanical gap.

There are surgeons operating on patients right now who can’t feel their instruments. Similarly, there are workers in nuclear facilities around the world using remote manipulator arms to handle radioactive materials without a sense of what they’re touching. It’s an epidemic of numbness that afflicts virtually everyone who performs a manual job with robotic assistance—from bomb disposal experts in Afghanistan to astronauts aboard the International Space Station.

http://www.popsci.com/trp-sponsored-article-haptics
THIS IS NOT ABOUT CMDR DATA. THIS IS ABOUT PEOPLE USING MACHINES TO HELP do tasks that are too dangerous for people to do. Defuse bombs, brainsurgery etc.

Wacom Working on Multi-Touch Tablet For Creative Professionals Friday, Mar 8 2013 

http://mashable.com/2013/03/04/wacom-tablet/

Japanese company Wacom, known for its pen tablets which allow users to create precise drawings on a Mac or PC, has announced on Facebook it will be getting even deeper into the mobile space with a multi-touch branded tablet of its own, coming as soon as this summer.

The company said, following an influx of customer requests, it will be rolling out a mobile device for creative uses with “features that you haven’t seen in other tablets.”

Although Wacom already has a few USB-driven drawing tablets — including its Bamboo line — this will be its first that does not need to be attached to a separate computer to work.Japanese company Wacom, known for its pen tablets which allow users to create precise drawings on a Mac or PC, has announced on Facebook it will be getting even deeper into the mobile space with a multi-touch branded tablet of its own, coming as soon as this summer.

The company said, following an influx of customer requests, it will be rolling out a mobile device for creative uses with “features that you haven’t seen in other tablets.”

Although Wacom already has a few USB-driven drawing tablets — including its Bamboo line — this will be its first that does not need to be attached to a separate computer to work.

http://www.wacom.com/en/products/pen-tablets/bamboo

 

4 Ways Publishers Can Optimize for Facebook’s New News Feed Friday, Mar 8 2013 

http://mashable.com/2013/03/07/facebook-new-newsfeed-publishers/

Facebook unveiled its “new” News Feed Thursday, and while we won’t know the full range of effects it will have on the pages of brands and publishers for some time, Facebook has provided a few clues.

1. The size of photos and videos have been enlarged, making the quality of visual media more important than ever before.

2. Invest in high-quality, high-resolution images. High-quality imagery is more important than ever before. Photos now make up nearly half of all News Feed stories, according to Facebook, up from 30% just a year ago.

3. When a group of friends Like or otherwise interact with a Facebook page, that Page may be highlighted in the News Feed with its cover photo on display 4. Post about trending topics. News stories about a single topic will be highlighted in thumbnail-rich carousels in the News Feed,

The End Of The Computers As We Know It (Them) Tuesday, Mar 5 2013 

<ttps://http://www.forcedgreen.com/2012/12/the-end-of-computers-as-we-know-it/)

A cute 6 minute video on possible uses of glass and computers.  Really cool, These uses are possible now but they look expensive!

Steven Ruiz tech news

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